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- Excess potassium supplements
- Total parenteral nutrition
- A diet that is high in potassium
- ACE inhibitors
- Potassium sparing diuretics
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Beta blockers
- Low blood volume from dehydration
- Any illness that increases the acid in the blood, such as diabetic ketoacidosis
- Destruction of any tissue such as muscle or tumor cells
- Very high blood sugar
- Muscle weakness or paralysis
- Irregular heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
Supplements and Medications
Other Supportive Steps
- Your doctor may advise you to limit your intake of potassium. You may be referred to a dietitian.
- Dialysis may be needed in severe cases of hyperkalemia due to kidney failure. Dialysis can take over the job of the kidneys and filter excess potassium from the blood.
American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.aafp.org
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists http://www.aace.com
The Canadian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism http://www.endo-metab.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Hollander-Rodriguez J, Calvert J. Hyperkalemia. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Jan 15;73(2):283-290.
Hyperkalemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 4, 2014. Accessed November 6, 2014.
Hyperkalaemia. Patient UK website. Available at: http://www.patient.co.uk/doctor/hyperkalaemia. Updated November 12, 2013. Accessed January 8, 2014.
Potassium and the diet. Colorado State University website. Available at: http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/foodnut/09355.html. Published March 2013. Accessed January 10, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2014 -
- Update Date: 02/19/2014 -