Horny Goat Weed
Other Proposed Uses
What Is Horny Goat Weed Used for Today?
1 Wang S, Zheng Z, Weng Y, et al. Angiogenesis and anti-angiogenesis activity of Chinese medicinal herbal extracts. Life Sci . 2004;74:2467-2478.
2 Chen KM, Ge BF, Ma HP, et al. The serum of rats administered flavonoid extract from Epimedium sagittatum but not the extract itself enhances the development of rat calvarial osteoblast-like cells in vitro. Pharmazie . 2004;59:61-64.
3 Lin CC, Ng LT, Hsu FF, et al. Cytotoxic effects of Coptis chinensis and Epimedium sagittatum extracts and their major constituents (berberine, coptisine and icariin) on hepatoma and leukaemia cell growth. Clin ExpPharmacol Physiol . 2004;31:65-69.
4 Wu H, Lien EJ, Lien LL, et al. Chemical and pharmacological investigations of Epimedium species: a survey. Prog Drug Res . 2003;60:1-57.
5 Liao HJ, Chen XM, Li WG, et al. Effect of Epimedium sagittatum on quality of life and cellular immunity in patients of hemodialysis maintenance [in Chinese]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi . 1995;15:202-4.
6 Chen X, Zhou M, Wang J et al. Effect of Epimedium sagittatum on soluble IL-2 receptor and IL-6 levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi . 1995;34:102-104.
7 Kuang AK, Chen JL, Chen MD. Effects of yang-restoring herb medicines on the levels of plasma corticosterone, testosterone and triiodothyronine [in Chinese]. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi . 1989;9:737-738, 710.
8 Cheng QL, Chen XM, Shi SZ, et al. Effects of Epimedium sagittatum on immunopathology and extracellular matrices in rats with chronic renal insufficiency [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi . 1994;33:83-86.
9 Liu F, Ding G, Li J, et al. Effects of Epimedium sagittatum Maxim. polysaccharides on DNA synthesis of bone marrow cells of "yang deficiency" animal model caused by hydroxyurea [in Chinese]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi . 1992;16:620-622, inside back cover.
10 Meng FH, Li YB, Xiong ZL, et al. Osteoblastic proliferative activity of Epimedium brevicornum Maxim. Phytomedicine . 2005;12:189-193.
11 Zhang CZ, Wang SX, Zhang Y, et al. In vitro estrogenic activities of Chinese medicinal plants traditionally used for the management of menopausal symptoms. J Ethnopharmacol . 2005;98:295-300.
12 Yap SP, Shen P, Butler MS, et al. New estrogenic prenylflavone from Epimedium brevicornum inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells. Planta Med . 2005;71:114-119.
13 Oh MH, Houghton PJ, Whang WK, et al. Screening of Korean herbal medicines used to improve cognitive function for anti-cholinesterase activity. Phytomedicine . 2004;11:544-548.
14 Lamm S, Couzens GS. Effect of horny goat weed herbal complex supplement on sexual satisfaction in healthy men and men treated with Viagra. The Hormone Shop website. Available at: http://www.thehormoneshop.com/hornygoatweed.htm#Effect . Accessed June 30, 2005.
15 Partin JF, Pushkin YP. Tachyarrhythmia and hypomania with horny goat weed. Psychosomatics . 2004;45:536-537.
16 Zhang G, Qin L, Shi Y. Epimedium-derived phytoestrogen flavonoids exert beneficial effect on preventing bone loss in late postmenopausal women: a 24-month randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled trial. J Bone Miner Res . 2007 Apr 9 [Epub ahead of print].
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 09/2014 -
- Update Date: 09/18/2014 -